December 17th, 2007
On the face of it, the question of whether blogs can do journalism is absurd — like asking whether sites published on Vignette can do journalism. A blog, after all, is just a content management system — revolutionary because it made web-native publishing free and easy for anyone — but at the end of the day still just a CMS.
So it would seem the answer to the question is an emphatic YES — IF the blog CMS is used by a journalist. Saul Hansel is one of the “bloggers” for The New York Times Bits blog, and I don’t think anyone would question whether Saul is a journalist, or that lowers his standards when he switches from the New York Times print newspaper to its blog CMS, ergo, blogs CAN do journalism.
To me, the more salient questions is whether the blog platform — which, as a web-native CMS, is more powerfully connected the online content ecosystem — will be used by more journalists. And whether more bloggers will start to do what can fairly be considered journalism. Which of course begs the uber-question of what is journalism.
Last week, I decided to accept one of the dozen daily PR pitches I get and do some interviews of a company’s clients — but with the intent getting past the marketing copy and really drilling down to find a STORY, i.e. an original set of facts that were worthy of being placed in a larger context and REPORTED. I’m still doing that reporting, so we’ll see how well I fair. (Look out for that post soon.)
And it seems that I’m not the only blogger interested in exploring a more journalistic use of the blog platform. Nick Denton set out to hire a journalist to be the new editor of Gawker.com, along with a journalist reporter. Jeff Jarvis called this, tellingly, “going to the bench.”
Here’s how Nick framed the shift towards journalism in his post listing the editor position:
It’s no longer enough to take stories from the New York Times, and add a dash of snark. Gawker needs to break and develop more stories. And the new managing editor will need to hire and manage reporters, as well as bloggers. Gawker.com receives more than 10m pageviews per month. Think of Gawker less as a blog than as a full-blown news site. The right candidate will oversee Gawker’s evolution.
And this from the reporter job listing:
At its most basic, the reporting may at times be little more than value-added blogging: a story in the news, put in context with a quick Nexis search, and deconstructed. At its most elevated, the new Gawker hire may experiment with a new form of reporting, unique to online, in which ideas are floated, appeals made to the readers, and the story assembled over the course of several items, from speculation, and tips from users.
And the qualifications:
- At least two years of experience as a reporter at a daily or weekly newspaper, covering either crime news, business, or media and culture (yes, a print background is an advantage).
- Ability to write five short items a day, some one-offs, some to further an ongoing campaign or investigation.
- A reporter who appreciates the discipline of newspaper traditions, but chafes under them.
- A natural gossip who loves the story and, even more, the story behind the story.
- familiarity with blogging software, RSS readers and graphics editing tools a big plus.
What’s most interesting is Denton’s merger and of the “old” and the “new,” his clear intent to develop a web-native form of journalism to distribute on a web-native CMS.
By web-native, by the way, I mean that out of the box most blogging software has:
- RSS – distributed content is arguably the most fundamental form of web-native publishing
- Trackbacks – natively connects blogs via automatic links to related posts
- Permalinks – facilitates and encourages linking, the fundamental way of connecting web content
- Inline links – believe it or not, many news organizations still use a CMS that makes it difficult to embed links in content
- Categories/tags – an article can be in multiple “sections” of the publication, not just one
- Comments – because on the web it’s a “conversation,” don’t you know
Brian Stelter, another New York TImes journalist/blogger, did some original reporting on Gawker’s tilt towards journalism, including interviewing another Gawker Editor:
Maggie Shnayerson, the associate editor of Gawker.com, said the transition from gossip blog to news-oriented site was a natural one. “If you own a business in an industry that changes every minute, you always have to look at what you’re doing,” she said.
Since many news organizations are too busy focusing on the us vs. them polemic with blogs, it makes sense that someone like Nick Denton would have to step into the vacuum — which traditional news organizations so often create in failing to boldly experiment with new forms, because they appear to threaten the old. Well, that experimentation, and the resulting evolution, is going to happen with or without them — but I think journalism would be much better served it happened with them.
Anyone who still thinks that it’s constructive to focus on drawning distinctions between “blogging” and “journalism,” rather than seeing a blog as a platform to evolve the practice of journalism, would be well advised to heed Maggie Shnayerson.